about 3 years ago

字母

Ä ä、Ö ö、Ü ü、ß

講義

Grüße (Greetings)

德文 解釋
Hallo 你好
Guten Morgen 早安
Guten Tag 日安
Guten Abend 夜安
Gute Nacht 晚安
Auf Wiedersehen 再見
Tschüs 再見 (親近用法)

Vielen Dank 非常感謝
Danke (schön) (非常)感謝
bitte (schön) 請、不客氣
Entschuldigung 抱歉
tut mir leid 抱歉
Das macht nichts 沒關係

問詞

wie how
woher wherefrom
wo where
was what
wohin whereto

人稱

ich
du
er/sie/es
wir
ihr
sie/Sie

動詞

1. 規則變化

kommen come
komme kommst kommt kommen kommt kommen
wohnen live
wohne wohnst wohnt wohnen wohnt wohnen

2. -s, -ß + en

heißen call
heiße heißt heißt heißen heißt heißen

3. -t, -d + en

arbeiten work
arbeite arbeitest arbeitet arbeiten arbeitet arbeiten
machen make
mache machst macht machen macht machen

4. 不規則變化

sein be
bin bist ist sind seid sind
fahren drive
fahre fahrst fährt fahren fahrt fahren
schlafen sleep
schlafe schläfst schläft schlafen schlaft schlafen

介係詞

im at/in
in in
aus from
nach towards

第一課

Guten Tag

Lektion lesson
sprechen speak
lesen read
schreiben write
hören listen
viel many
Kurs course
Frage question
Antwort answer
Herr Mr.
Frau Mrs.
mein my
ja yes
nein no
Name name

Die Welt

德文 中文
und and

Mittern in Europa

Ein Zug in Deutschland

ein a/an/one
Zug train
nicht not
spielen play
Karte card
Urlaub vacation

Hard
Situation situation
richtig right
falsch false

Auf Wiedersehen

Im Deutschkurs

 
over 3 years ago
  • 起手式

    • R:20 L:19 S:18 W:21 (2015/03/07)
    • Total:78
  • 簡介

    • 考試形式:聽/說/讀/寫 各30分,共120分
    • 考試時間:共約4小時
    • 報名費:US$170
    • 報名時間:7~3天前 (一個月)
  • 相關的東西

  • 基礎能力提升

    • 單字量7000+ (9000~12000)
    • 閱讀
      • TPO題目
      • CNN News / NY times
    • 聽力
      • 60 seconds science
      • 看影集效果有限
    • 口說
      • 練習用英文自言自語
    • 寫作
      • 英打 30+ wps
      • 拼寫正確
  • 準備時間:四週 (我的準備流程)

    • 第一週 其實還沒開始準備,只是先開始背單字而已跟看電影
    • 第二週 過年,開始看相關考試流程跟題目類型,找網路上的資源,先做一次TPO
    • 第三週 回新竹,主要練閱讀
    • 第四周 練閱讀,留三天再練一下聽力、口說、寫作,並把模板背熟一點,最後一天看一下機精
  • 正確的觀念 (準備)

    • 寫TPO就對了
    • 題目有固定題型
    • 模板非常適合給短期準備者
  • 建議的準備方法

    1. 了解托福+準備材料 (1 week)
    2. 加強基本能力 (嘗試適合的方法) (4+ week)
    3. 針對考試題目做特化練習 (2-4 week)
    4. 練題目修細節,看機經 (1-2 week)
  • 優先序:單字 > 聽力 > 閱讀 > 口說 > 寫作

  • 心得

    • 交大托福分數要求:79分,大概是全民英檢中高級的程度 (獎學金使用)
    • 考甚麼? 工作選TOEIC 留學選TOEFL+GRE (for CS) IELTS (歐洲學校)
    • 準備三週英文其實不太會進步,但可以學習如何念英文
 
over 3 years ago

口說

  • 第三題 學校vs學生意見

The school is going to ... (the student’s proposal is that)
However/Well, the man/woman disaprees/agrees with this new policy/proposal for several reasons.

First, the man/woman says that ... Therefore ...
Second, the man/woman mentions that ... As a result ...

In conclusion, those are the reasons behind his/her opinion regarding to the reading passage.

  • 第五題 學生選方案

The man/woman has a problem that ... And he discuss two solutions.
First ...
Second ...
I prefer the first/second solution for several reasons.

My first reason is that ...
My second reason is ...

In conclusion, those are the reasons behind my opinion.

  • 第四題 學術篇 名詞解釋 一閱讀一聽力

The reading passage and lecture are talking about ____(科學名詞) which is defined as ...(閱讀內容)
And the prefessor introduces one/two example about ... to ilustrate this topic.

According to the professor, the first example is ... And it explains the topic...

In conclusion, that's how the prefessor illustrate the topic.

  • 第六題 學術篇 名詞解釋 一長聽力

The professor is talking about ...
And he/she introduces one/two example to illustrate this topic.

The first example is about ... Therefor ...
The second example is about ... As a result...

In conclusion, these are ideas for the professor's opinion.

寫作

  • 整合寫作 (約300字)

Both the reading passage and the lecturer discuss ____. The writer claims a conclusion that ____(his statement). However, the lecturer disagrees with this conclusion.

First of all, the writer mentions that ____, but this is very different from the lecturer's claim that ____. Thus, the lecturer believes that ____.

Second, although the writer states that ____, the lecturer holds a different viewpoint. According to he lecturer ____. Furthermore, ____ Therefore, the lecturer concludes that ____.

Third, the lecturer disagrees the writer's opinion that ____. The lecturer points out that ____ Hence, the lecturer holds that ____.

In summary, the lecturer thinks that the writer's point are not convincing. Thus, reading and listening contents are different.


Part a
First of all / Second / Third

the writer mentions that ____, but it's very different from the lecturer's claim that ____.
although the writer points out that ____, the lecturer holds a different viewpoint. According to the lecturer ____. Furthermore, ____.
the lecturer disagree the writer's opinion that ____. The lecturer points out that ____.

Part b
[Thus / Therefore / Hence], the lecturer [believes / concludes / holds] that ____.
is questionable / still has problems /


同義詞替換

  1. professor, speaker, lecturer, man, he
  2. mention, point out, indicate, say, talk about, claim
  3. hence, therefore, thus, as a result
  4. conclude, hold, believe
  5. opinion, claim, viewpoint, points of view
  • 獨立寫作

Some people believe that ____ others _. However, I agree/disagree with the statement that _.

First of all, _. For example _. Meanwhile

In addition _. For instance _. Hence

Last but not least _. As an example _. As a result ____.

 
over 3 years ago

考試內容

  • Reading
    • 3篇文章,各20分鐘
    • 1題1分,少數2分
    • 每篇13題,共39題
  • Listening
    • 2段對話,4篇課堂演講,各5分鐘,共約50分鐘
    • 1題1分
    • 對話每篇5題,演講每篇6題,共34題
  • Speaking
    • 一、二題自由發揮,三、四題閱讀與聽短文,五、六題聽對話回答問題,共六題,約20分鐘
    • 每題評分0~4分
  • Writing
    • 整合寫作與獨立寫作各1篇,整合20分鐘,獨立30分鐘
    • 每題評分0~5分

https://www.ptt.cc/bbs/TOEFL_iBT/M.1419778047.A.D5B.html

 
over 3 years ago

How to learn any language in six months | Chris Lonsdale | TEDxLingnanUniversity
http://youtu.be/d0yGdNEWdn0

5 Principles

1. Focus on language content that is relevant to you
2. Use your new language as a tool to communicate from day 1
3. When you first understand the message you will unconsciously acquire the language
4. Physiological Training
5. Psycho-physiological state matters

7 Actions

1. Listen a lot
2. Focus on getting the meaning first (before the words)
3. Start mixing
4. Focus on the core
5. Get a language parent
6. Copy the Face
7. Direct connect to mental images